Archive for January 27, 2011

Horse Owners To Be Required To Register With State

Legislators are proposing to impose a state registration that will “Replace brand inspection for equines with equine ownership certificate and require owners to obtain equine ownership certificates for equines that are present in state for more than 30 consecutive days.

This proposal would be onerous enough if just horse owners had to register, but no, this requires every horse to be registered.

It further establishes requirements for trailers that are used to transport horses. Many horse owners, if this is passed, will have to special order new trailers, as the specifications are not standard. Read more…

It’s More Than Corn: Importance of Physiological Phases

Part 4

This section of the series, when coupled with the previous posts, begins to layout some of the benefits to having the ability to utilize grain in the diets of livestock, particularly as an animal’s need for energy and protein increase through various stages of physiological maturity.

First Calf of 2011

How do physiological phases affect rations?

When evaluating the science of livestock production, we divide growth into several different physiological phases. All animals, including humans, are involved with at least one of the phases at all times, maintenance, but are rarely involved in more than two or three at any given time. Each phase has its own unique nutritional requirements and thus, rations are changed according to the phase and the animal’s requirements.

Maintenance Phase

Maintenance is the maintaining of an animal’s health and well-being. A maintenance ration meets an animal’s need who is not growing, not pregnant, not storing fat and not yielding a product (milk, wool, etc.). Basic maintenance requirements include energy for vital organs to function properly, maintaining body temperature, protein for body tissue repair; replace mineral loss, vitamins for maintenance and certain fatty acids.

Growth Phase

Growth is primarily an increase in muscle, bone, organs and connective tissue. It is essential during the growth phase that nutrient needs are met to insure that the animal can attain its proper mature status and size. During this phase there is an increased need for high quality protein, higher energy and a greater demand for adequate levels of minerals and vitamins. Daily growth rate increases until puberty and then decreases through maturity. Read more…

It’s More Than Corn: Minerals and Vitamins



Sample of loose minerals for supplementing rations

Minerals Samples

Part 3

Why are minerals important?

Minerals are used for a multitude of different functions in the body. While they are required in vastly different quantities, the amounts required has nothing to do with the essentiality of function performed. Quantities required range from as much as ~1.0% calcium to as little as .10ppm of selenium, depending on age and use.   Read more…

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